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Building Safety Act

The Building Safety Act sets out safety requirements for landlords of high-rise buildings.

High-rise buildings are:

  • at least 18m or 7 storeys high,
  • with 2 or more residential units.

The safety rules cover the different stages of building:

  • design stage
  • planning stage
  • construction stage
  • whilst tenants and leaseholders live in a building

When did the Building Safety Act become law?

The Building Safety Bill became legislation known as the Building Safety Act 2022. It received Royal Assent on the 28th April 2022.

The Building Safety Act 2022 will be fully enforceable by October 2024, although some areas of the Act will become enforceable earlier.

Tenants and leaseholders

The Act outlines what tenants and leaseholders must do around:

  • personal building safety responsibilities for your home and communal areas,
  • ongoing building safety costs (payable by leaseholders who have leases for at least 7 years.)

Tenants and leaseholders in high-rise blocks will receive a resident engagement strategy.

The Act has also introduced protections for qualifying leaseholders.

This includes:

  • Not paying towards the cost of removing dangerous cladding on buildings.
  • Capping the amount that leaseholders will contribute to the cost of fixing non-cladding defects on buildings.


A new Building Safety Regulator will be set up to oversee building owners of high-rise buildings carrying out their building safety responsibilities. This regulator will be run by the Health and Safety Executive (HSE).

New Homes Ombudsman

The Bill will create a “New Homes Ombudsman”. They will help with disputes that new homeowners may have with their building’s developers.

More information about the Building Safety Act