Violence against women and girls
What is violence against women and girls (VAWG)?
Violence against women and girls is both a form of discrimination and a violation of human rights. The United Nations Declaration on Elimination of Violence against Women defines violence against women as:
‘Any act of gender-based violence that results in, or is likely to result in, physical, sexual or psychological harm or suffering to women [or girls], including threats of such acts, coercion or arbitrary deprivation of liberty.’ (1993, Article 1)
This includes a wide range of abusive behaviours including physical, sexual, financial, emotional and psychological abuse.
Violence against women and girls (VAWG) is abuse that is targeted at women or girls because of their gender and it affects women and girls disproportionately but men can be abused too. It is important that VAWG is not seen as a series of incidents or assaults which a woman or girl experiences, but as a pattern of violent or controlling behaviour that seeks to achieve power and control over them. VAWG has a very big impact on the physical safety, health and emotional well-being of individuals, and impacts on families, carers, children and the community as a whole.
Abuse can happen to anyone regardless of economic status, gender, ethnicity, faith, sexuality or age. Although we recognise that that the issues in this plan have a disproportionate effect on women (97 per cent of victims of abuse in Tower Hamlets are women), we also recognise that boys and men are victims of violence too.
VAWG strands covered by Tower Hamlets
What is our plan for tackling VAWG in Tower Hamlets?
Tower Hamlets have had a VAWG Action Plan since January 2013. The plan encompasses the borough’s commitment to addressing all gender-specific abuse and violence.
In 2016, Tower Hamlets launched its second, refreshed VAWG Strategy, which runs until 2019. It builds upon and provides a new direction for current work in Tower Hamlets around each of the VAWG strands, but with particular focus on domestic abuse, which is the most prevalent. It clearly states the borough’s commitment to addressing all gender-specific abuse and violence.
Tackling violence against women and girls is already recognised as a priority area internationally, nationally and regionally. The United Nations Declaration on the Elimination of Violence against Women was adopted by the General Assembly in 1993. In 2010, the Mayor of London published ‘The Way Forward’, a London-wide plan to end all forms of violence against women in the capital. The Mayor has also published an updated VAWG Plan from 2013-2017, which seeks to make London a global pioneer in tackling all forms of VAWG. The coalition government has published its ‘Call to end violence against women and girls’ (2011), which outlines the clear responsibility of local authorities to co-ordinate their response to VAWG issues within their local areas and their action plans are updated annually.
Locally, there are already many reasons why it is important for us to develop a strong approach to these issues, including:
- a strong, local approach
- decreased prevalence
- better safeguarding
- improved gender equality.
For further information on all of our VAWG work,
VAWG Strategy Manager
Tel: 0207 364 4380